A case study of enzootic bovine leucosis in an Albanian dairy herd based on serological and hematological tests results

Authors: Majlind Sulçe, Anita Koni, Gerald Muça, Pëllumb Zalla, Albana Munga, Valentin Shtjefni, and Xhelil Koleci

Ger. J. Vet. Res 2021. vol. 1, Iss. 1 pp:28-33
Doi: https://doi.org/10.51585/gjvr.2021.0005

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Abstract:

Enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL) is a notifiable infectious disease with sporadic frequency in Albania. EBL is not a zoonotic disease, but it has an important impact on the cattle trade. Diagnosis of this disease can be performed by many diagnostic procedures, including agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. In some cases, where persistent lymphocytosis is present, cell count can turn useful. This study aimed to evaluate serological and hematological tests' suitability for the diagnosis of EBL and assess the manual and automatic hematological count technique diagnostic parameters compared to the serological test. Results suggest that strategic use of hematological and AGID tests in parallel can increase the sensitivity of diagnosis and facilitate the detection of infected animals in different disease stages. Moreover, our results indicate that this approach is feasible in small scale cattle herds size, which properly fits Albanian circumstances

 

Keywords:

Enzootic Bovine Leukosis, Cattle, Agar Gel Immunodiffusion, Hematology

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