Seroprevalence and molecular diagnosis of sheep brucellosis in Dakahlia governorate, Egypt

Authors: Mohamed El-Diasty, Rana El-Said and Adel Abdelkhalek

Ger. J. Vet. Res 2021. vol. 1, Iss. 1 pp:34-39
Doi: https://doi.org/10.51585/gjvr.2021.0006

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Abstract:

Brucellosis is an endemic disease among livestock and humans in Egypt. Sheep are the most common type of livestock ruminant in Egypt and considered the fundamental etiology for spreading and maintaining B. melitensis either in human being or animal populations. In the current study, we investigated the seroprevalence of brucellosis in sheep herds reared in Bilqase, one of the biggest cities at Dakahlia governorate in Egypt's Delta region. In total, 610 sheep from seven herds were investigated. Anti-Brucella antibodies were detected in 48 (7.8%) samples tested by Buffered Acidified Plate Antigen Test (BAPAT),in 44 (7.2%) samples tested by Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT)and in 41 (6.7%) samples tested by Milk Ring Test (MRT). The isolation rate was 29.6% (16 out of 54 examined samples). Brucella organism was isolated from three aborted fetuses, one tissue sample of slaughtered serologically positive ewe and 12 milk samples. The Abortus Melitensis Ovis Suis-PCR (AMOS-PCR) confirmed all strains as B. melitensis. More than three successive negative serological tests are required to declare that the infected herd is free from brucellosis. In conclusion, no single serological test could conclusively diagnose brucellosis in endemic areas. Confirmation of results with molecular diagnosis or culture is indispensable in diagnosis. B. melitensis was the prevalent serotype among sheep in Dakahlia governorate

Keywords:

Brucellosis, Sheep, Milk, Serology, Isolation, Egypt

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