Avian influenza and the Brazilian poultry production: Current situation and prevention strategies

Authors: Ricardo H. Rauber

Ger. J. Vet. Res 2023. vol. 3, Iss. 4 pp:13-19
Doi: https://doi.org/10.51585/gjvr.2023.4.0064

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Abstract:

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) presents a significant threat to global poultry, affecting trade and consumer trust. This analysis focuses on Brazil's preventive measures against HPAI to uphold its disease-free status recognized by the World Organization for Animal Health (WOAH). As of September 19th, 2023, Brazil confirmed 106 HPAI outbreaks, primarily in wild birds, with a few in backyard chickens. Despite most incidents occurring along the coast, a notable outbreak in Bonito-MS underlines the necessity for ongoing vigilance in key poultry regions. Brazil's HPAI prevention framework, initiated with the 1994 National Poultry Health Plan, has continually evolved. High biosecurity measures are emphasized in stringent regulations, surveillance, and rapid response strategies. The nation's vertically integrated poultry model supports centralized control, traceability, and consistent quality, fostering swift corrective actions and biosecurity guidelines. The private sector's commitment complements these efforts, often exceeding government regulations with rigorous biosecurity practices, highlighting Brazil's holistic approach to safeguarding its poultry sector from HPAI threats.

Keywords:

HPAI, Poultry production, Brazil, Biosecurity, Brazilian legal framework

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